Displaying items by tag: Kibworth Harcourt
John Phillips*, landowner, grazier, antiquarian who lived for many years in in the Manor House (Manor Farm House) 39 Main Street, KibworthHarcourt, was born in 1801 at the farm Esgerfa in Abernant parish,Carmarthenshire.
John was the son of Jonathan Philipps (1765 Conwil Elvet -1849) and Catherine Howell (1770- 1849 of Rhydd y garreg ddu, Talog. Carmarthenshire.) John Philipps was also the nephew of John Howell - surgeon in the East India Company, whose memorial is adjacent to his in St Lucia’s Church, Abernant. Jonathan and Catherine Philipps had married on 1st June 1790 in St Lucia’s, Abernant.
From a family letter it would seem that John had been well educated. My thoughts from reading family letters being that this was paid for by his mother Catherine Howell ’s uncle the Rev. Thomas Thomas who lived in Kibworth Harcourt, Leicestershire. John Philipps was the grandson of Rosamond Howell nee Thomas - the Rev Thomas Thomas ’ sister.
In 1823 the Rev David Lewis writes from Carmarthen to John Phillips’s uncle the Rev Thomas Thomas of Kibworth Harcourt describing the 22 year old John Phillips at Lampeter Collegethus…
‘I must not omit that he bears the best character for assiduity and regular deportment in school and at home: and such is the improvement of our country in dress, or rather perhaps the deterioration of it, that our Welshmen, in our great school, dress as well as in any part of England.’
After his uncle Rev. Thomas Thomas ’s death in 1826 John Philipps aged 25 undertakes renovations of the Manor House, Kibworth Harcourt. (see Manor House (Manor Farmhouse) 39 Main Street, Kibworth Harcourt- Ancient)
Three years later, John Phillips now aged 28 married Elizabeth Smeeton aged 19 on the 30th July 1829 at Kibworth Beauchamp by license and with the consent of her parents. A son, John Smeeton Philipps, was baptised on the 17th November 1830 at Kibworth Beauchamp.
On the 1841 census John Philipps says that he is aged 35 and that he was born in 1806 in Abernant, Carmarthenshire. Making himself a little younger? He is living in Kibworth Beauchamp with his wife Elizabeth who is now aged 30 who was born in 1811 in Leicestershire. John and Elizabeth’s son, John Smeeton Philipps, is aged 11 and John’s mother in law Elizabeth Smeeton is aged 70 (born in 1771) and living with them. Their housekeeper Elizabeth Day is aged 20; she was born in 1821.
Five years later in 1846 John Philipps is living at the Manor House in Kibworth Harcourt.
On the 1851 census John Philipps is aged 50 and now a widower continuing to live at the Manor House in Kibworth Harcourt. John is described as a Grazier of 30 acres with no labourers. His son John Smeeton Philipps is now aged 20 and described as a hosier who was born at Kibworth Harcourt.
In a letter from Richard Thomas at Haverfordwest in the Pembrokeshire Archives we learn that John Philipps bought the Manor House at Kibworth Harcourt from his uncle the Rev ThomasThomas’s estate for £4,450 on the 5th November 1855.
Later in 1863, we learn that ‘John Philipps had rebuilt the Manor House, Kibworth Harcourt with twin gables and barge boards as well as putting up a wall around the garden and land. The brick front with its twin gables and ornamental barge boards is evidently his work. The garden wall also built by Philipps carries tiles dated 1475, 1690 and 1860. As both he and his uncle were local antiquarians there may be good evidence for the earlier dates. About 200 yards north of the house are two fishponds probably of medieval origin.
In August 1863 The Leicestershire Architectural and Archaeological Society held its AGM over two days in Kibworth (see -Modern) On the aft ernoon of the first day of the meeting an exhibition was held in a museum (temporarily formed in the National Schools by permission of the Rector) which was opened to the public. In this exhibition the objects of antiquarian interest were numerous and interesting.
John Philipps exhibited the following items:
- Court cupboard.
- Queen Elizabeth’s Poem in her own handwriting, signed,
- Charles II’s autograph for signing the warrant to elect Wm Hanbury Esq, High Sheriff of the county of Northampton, December 1665 (William Hanbury was a friend of John Philipps’s uncle the Rev. Thomas Thomas this must be how it was acquired)
At 5pm that day the attendees of the meeting visited the Tumulus (The Munt) then The Manor House, 39 Main Street, Kibworth Harcourt, the residence of John Philipps Esq and the many objects of interest to antiquarians there afforded much pleasure. Mr Phillips, after a good old English fashion, requested the members of the company to partake of good and homely beverage.
John Philipps' Will 21st April 1866
John Philipps leaves his son and his nephew Thomas Philipps of 182 Piccadilly (Fortnum and Masons grocers in their early days! ) son of my brother Thomas Philipps and my friendsThomas George Langham of Oxford Terrace, London butcher and John Langham of Walton in Knaptoft, joint executors of his will.
I direct a small tablet to be placed by my executors in the parish church of Abernant in the county of Carmarthen with the following inscription
‘This tablet is placed to the memory of John Philipps son of Jonathan and Catherine Philipps late of Skyrfa in this parish‘ with the date of my demise annexed.
I revoke all former wills in witness whereof I have to this my last will and testament ….
He leaves 19 guineas to his friend Emily Sarah Slatter and £10 each to his three executors. (Emily was a governess)
Tablet in the Parish Church of Abernant in the
county of Carmarthen with the following inscription:
‘ This tablet is placed to the memory of John Philipps Son of Jonathan Catherine
Philipps late of Skyrfa in this parish who departed this life December 23rd 1867
Aged 67 Years’
In 1706 the Manor House was sold to the Foxton’s who owned it until 1797 when the last of that family died the office and property passed to the son- in -law The Reverend Thomas Thomas of East Farndon, Northamptonshire. The property remained college leasehold, but both the Reverend Thomas and later John Philipps made considerable alterations.In 1972 the Manor House was sold by Merton College, Oxford to Mr P Thurnham.
John Philipps - a letter to family in Wales.
On 1st December 1853 he writes…
I have seen the minister of the chapel this afternoon and he will send the rent down to you in about three weeks’ time, be so kind as to send me how much he owes you. There is no tithe in this parish and I can’t give you my account of other parishes.
You asked what family I have -only one son and he is in a very good situation at Leicester in a country house, he is nearly 24 years of age and very steady. My dear wife has been dead 6years last August, almost all your old friends at Kibworth are no more. I shall be very pleased to see you at Kibworth to spend a week or two with me.
Let me know when you will be likely to come. I shall be in London about the 2nd of January for a week or two. I was at Dublin last August and through North Wales and I enjoyed the trip very much. Give my best respects to your family and let me know how many you have.
I remain, dear sir
P.S. I have one of best Durham bulls in the county 2 years old on the 13th of last month he has now served a great many cows this last summer at 6s per cow the mother was counted the best cow in the county and was got by one of the Marquis of Exeter’s bulls.
* Philipps is the original spelling of his name on the baptism entry denoting his ancestry to the Philipps of Picton Castle - however it is often later spelt ‘Phillips’
© Jeni Molyneux 14th November 2019
(John Philipps was my 4x great grandmother’s younger brother.)
Information extracted from Family Letters which were deposited at both the National Library Wales and Pembrokeshire Archives at Haverford West.
The Leicester Journal
The Kibworth Theater (Theatre) is believed to have been situated on the turnpike road in Main Street, Kibworth Harcourt during the 18th and 19th centuries. The exact location has not been confirmed but is believed to have been to the rear of 25 Main Street. This location would have been convenient to entertain passengers taking a rest break at the many inns when journeying through the village on the many stage coaches travelling along the turnpike route. Indeed travelling theatre players would also have also used the coaches and taken advantage of the theater to perform plays. In addition local residents particularly from the Dissenting Academy and the Grammar School in Kibworth Beauchamp may well have been patrons of the theater.
Copies of two posters advertising productions at the theater are shown below. The first on Wednesday evening September 29th 17890 was a production of the celebrated comic opera ‘INKLE and YARICO’ followed by ‘ALL THE WORLDS a STAGE’ The second was on Friday evening October 1st 1790 when a production of ‘RICHARD 111 Or, The Battle of Bofworth Field’ followed by ‘The Agreeable Surfrise’ was performed.
Attendance was not cheap, the posters shows prices for both productions at 2s for the Pit and 1s for the Gallery. Possibly these prices would have been unaffordable by many local residents.
Although a poster is not available on the theater bill for the evening of 28th October 1802 was the comedy play ‘School for Scandal’ a 1781 comic opera to music by Samuel Arnold and a libretto by John O'Keeffe.
The Kibworth Harcourt Windmill, situated on the Langton Road, is an early 18th century postmill. It is a Grade 2* listed building and is also a Scheduled Ancient Monument. The mill is the last survivor of 211 postmills that were once used in Leicestershire.
The main feature of a post mill is that the whole body of the mill which houses the machinery is mounted on a single vertical post, around which it can be turned to bring the sails into the wind.
The post (trestle) that the mill turns on
The central trestle is from an earlier mill on another site and is dated from the 14th century.
View of first floor showing the tressle
There are a number of carvings inside the mill, the earliest is on the tressle.
Carvings on the trestle, "DANIEL HUTCHINSON MILLER 1711”
Another carving, 'T SMITH MILLER OCTOR 1837”
The mill had two cloth (common) sails) and two spring sails (a spring sail has a number of shutters controlled by a bar and a spring which adjusts to the force of the wind). The miller turned the mill into the wind by hand using the rotation beam.
Rotation beam used by the miller to turn the mill
The mill has two pairs of millstones, one of French Burr, the other of Derbyshire Peak Stone. One was used for animal feed and the other for flour. The top stone of the pair is called the runner stone, the lower stone is called the bed stone.
Flour Stones, the finer stones are for flour grinding
The stones are turned by a large wheel which runs the stone nut (a small gear). Once through the grinding process the ground grain passes through a flour dresser which separated the flour from the other pieces of the grain. A 19th century addition to the mill was iron governors which regulate the coarseness of the flour.
It was a working mill until 1912 but from then its condition began to decline. By the 1930s the mill was in very poor condition and the owners, Merton College, had the mill inspected by the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings (SPAB). The inspection concluded that repairs would cost £100.00.
In 1936 Merton College transferred ownership of the mill to the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings (SPAB) who carried remedial work on the mill in 1936 and again in 1970.
On 8th August 2017 during an inspection of the mill one of the sails collapsed and fell to the ground. This caused the opposite sail to swing violently and it was badly damaged when it hit the ground.
For safety reasons the remaining sails were removed.
Postmill with sails removed
The Mills Section of the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings (SPAB) has decided that a major overhaul of the mill is required and when completed will return the mill to a working condition. The overhaul will involve repair of the trestle and work to the roundhouse. Four new sails will be made, two common and two spring and a new tailpole and ladder. It is anticipated that the work will commence 2020.
Harcourt House, Harcourt Estate and Marsh Drive, Kibworth Harcourt
Harcourt Estate fronts onto the A6 Leicester Road opposite the Coach and Horses Inn and Marsh Drive, which runs between the A6 Harborough Road and Langton Road, and are both 20th century developments.
Prior to 1931 part of that area was occupied by Harcourt House which, for many rears had been the home of the Marriott family. (See Sir Charles Hayes Marriott MD, FRC- Modern). The gardens of Harcourt House occupied approximately 2 acres.
Harcourt House looking from Church Road
Following the death of Sir Charles Marriott’s widow, Lady Marriott, the family decided to sell Harcourt House and on 22nd April 1931 the estate, consisting of the house and its extensive grounds was sold by auctioneers Warner Sheppard & Wade and P L Kirby of Halford Street, Leicester. The estate and surrounding land was purchase by A E Tate and Company, builders, of Oadby.
The development of the area commences with the demolition of Harcourt House and the first houses were built on Leicester Road, now known as Harcourt Estate along with two houses on each side of the Harborough Road end of the footpath running to Langton Road through Marsh Field now known as Marsh Drive.
1904 Ordnance Survey Map showing Harcourt House and the footpath through Marsh Field
World War ll stopped further development of Marsh Drive. However in 1942 part of the Harcourt estate land, at the Langton Road end, was requisitioned by the Government and a Women’s Land Army hostel was constructed and occupied by Land Army Girls for the duration of the war. (See also Article about the Land Girls - Modern)
Plan of the Land Army Hostel showing the position of 4 bungalows built during the post war development
After the war the Land Army Hostel site was returned to the original owner A E Tate and Co who then resumed the development of Marsh Drive. Part of the Land Army buuilding was leased to the Victory Tyre and Radiator Company during the 1950’s and later in that decade the Hostel was demolished.
Marsh Drive was developed with a mix of bungalows, detached and semi detached houses which stand to the present day.
The Parker Family - Coat of Arms (Or is it?)
William Parker (the younger) built The Old House in Main Street, Kibworth Harcourt in 1687 and the house became the Parker family home. The Old House has five windows to the first floor and the central one above the front entrance to the house is surmounted by a scrolled pediment containing a Coat of Arms depicted below:
Extensive research has been carried out in the official records of Arms and pedigrees at The College of Arms in relation to the Parker family of Kibworth Harcourt and the Arms displayed on the Old House.
During the 16th and 17th centuries Officers from the College of Arms went out about every three years to visit (known as a Heraldic Visitations) every County to oversee the use of Arms and to check the pedigree of the gentry. The records from the visitations form the core of the records of the College archives.
There is no Parker surname recorded in any of the Heraldic Visitations to Leicestershire. Further searches by the College of Arms revealed no record of a Parker in Kibworth Harcourt having a Coat of Arms. The Indicies of the Grant of Arms also had no record of any Parker in Leicestershire.
A search of the pictorial indices granted by the English Kings of Arms to find a record of the Arms displayed on the Old House discovered that this Coat of Arms was granted to a man named Parker living in Essex in the reign of Henry VIII. The unique design of the Coat of Arms was granted by Letters Patent dated 21st February 1537 to Henry Parker of Frith Hall, Essex for him and his descendants. There is no evidence that the Parker family of Kibworth were in any way related to Henry Parker of Frith Hall, Essex. The College of Arms are of the opinion that at some stage the Parker family of Kibworth started to use the Coat of Arms belonging to the Parker family of Essex.
Clare and Steve Langan
The College of Arms, London
Sir Charles Hayes Marriott MD, FRCS, DL, (1832 – 1910)
Charles Hayes Marriott was born in Kibworth Harcourt on 18 October 1832, he was the son of John Marriott MRCS, and his wife Georgiana. The Marriott family had a history of medical practice in Kibworth, his father practiced for fifty five years and his grandfather also practiced in Kibworth for over fifty years.
Charles attended Uppingham School and after leaving school went to Northampton Hospital where he was a pupil of Henry Terry, a Surgeon at the hospital. After three years' apprenticeship at Northampton Hospital he moved to University College Hospital, London in 1854, where he lived with Dr William Jenner, Assistant Physician to the Hospital and where he received personal tuition from the eminent Physician. He was acting as a House Surgeon at the Hospital and his studies earned him several prizes. He gained Membership of the Royal College of Surgeons in 1858, became an MB London and achieved Fellowship of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons in 1859.
In the same year he was appointed House Surgeon at the Leicester Royal Infirmary and after two years in that position he opened a private practice in Leicester. In 1861 he was elected Surgeon to the Infirmary.
Charles Marriott married Lucy, daughter of the Reverend John Gilson in 1862 and they lived in the family home, Harcourt House, Kibworth Harcourt where they had they had six children, four boys and two girls; Harcourt House was a large dwelling on the A6 with 18 rooms and included a garden of approximately two acres.
He became an MD in1863 and very quickly built up his practice and was acknowledged as the foremost surgeon in the district. He recognised the importance of scientific training for nurses and he was largely instrumental in founding the Leicester Trained Nurses' Institution and was a member of the governing body for many years.
He was fond of animals and for many years was Chairman of the local branch of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.
Charles Marriott was elected to the General Council of the British Medical Association in 1874, and in 1877 became President of the Midland Branch. He was also a member of the Committee of the Medical Defence Union, Chairman of the Leicester Bacteriological Institute and he was a founder member of the Leicester Committee of the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children.
Outside his professional career he was very active serving his community in many ways. He was a Deputy Lieutenant of the County and served as a Justice of the Peace and he was the first Chairman of Kibworth Harcourt Parish Council. His services to the village and the wider community are commemorated by the naming of a street, Marriott Drive off New Road in Kibworth Harcourt and The Marriott Ward at The Leicester Royal Infirmary.
He was also involved in national politics and was the Chairman of the Market Harborough Branch of the Liberal Unionist Party.
A keen cricketer Charles Marriott was President of the Leicestershire County Cricket Club and captain of Kibworth Cricket Club. He was the only player to have hit a cricket ball out of the old ground over Fleckney Road and over the since demolished Johnson & Barnes hosiery factory on the corner of Fleckney Road and Dover Street.
Sir Charles Hayes Marriott’s services to the Medical Profession were recognised in 1904 when he was awarded a Knighthood by King Edward VII.
Sir Charles Marriott died on 14 February 1910 and was buried on 17 February in the churchyard of St Wilfrid’s Church, Kibworth.
Sir Charles’ four sons all inherited his skills as a cricketer and whilst they lived in the village all played for Kibworth Cricket Club. Harold Henry Marriott, the youngest of the four sons, was a stylish right-hand bat who played for Cambridge University, Leicestershire County Cricket Club, and the MCC as well as appearances for the Kibworth team.
When Sir Charles’ widow died in 1930 the family decided to sell the house and land (See also Harcourt House and Marsh Drive - Modern). This was purchased in 1931 by A E Tate and Company, a local builder, who developed the site over the next 20 years resulting in the Harcourt Estate on the A6 Leicester Road and a new road, Marsh Drive, running between Leicester Road and Langton Road.
Kibworth and District Chronicle
Royal College of Surgeons of England
The British Medical Journal
Kibworth Cricket Club
The transcripts of the documents are as accurate as possible although some words are indecipherable and those words are marked by a ▬. Copies of the original abstract documents precede the transcript
The Last Will and Testaments of William Parker (the elder) and William Parker (the younger)
Copy and transcript of the last will and testament of William Parker (the elder)
The transcripts of the documents are as accurate as possible although some words are indecipherable and those words are marked by a ▬. Photographs of the original abstract documents precede the transcript
Abstracts of Mr Peach’s title to an estate in Kibworth Harcourt in the County of Leicester.
Copies of Kibworth Harcourt Village Deeds c1235 to 1301
Each image of the fifteen deeds is followed by a typed version - where the words are legible!
Grant from Richard of Harcourt to Seker his son of all his manor of Kibworth. Witness Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester; Sir Roger of Lueney, Earl of Winchester; Sir Robert of Lueney; Sir Philip Lunel; Sir Robert of Harecurt; Sir Henry of Harecurt; William of Harecurt; Thomas the Clerk (Liber Ruber fo. 29d.)
Grant from Saer de Harcourt, Knt., to John the Farrier (le Ferron), citizen of London of his manor of Kibbeworth of Leicester receiving only the advowson of the chapel. Witnessed: Sir William Bagod; Sir William of Kilby; Sir Richard of Harington; Sir Nocholas of Hastings; Robert of Rumes; Richard of Harrington; Robert of Wiuile; Robert of Martinans, (Liber Ruber fo. 29d.)
1263 September 25
Grant from Saer of Harecurt to Robert Wyteside, of Thorp, of two borates of land in Kibwurth, to wit, one formerly held of the donor by Robert, son of William the Reeve, and the one formally held by the doner by William of Langton, together with all appurtenances and with the aforesaid Robert, son of William, the Reeve, and William of Langton, and all their sequelae and chattels. Witnessed; Richard Haldeyn, of Flekeneye; Hugh Seneret, of the same; Richard the Hunter (Venator) of the same; William of Gundi, of Neuton; Richard, son of Robert, of the same; Peter, son of Roger, of the same; William of Regns, of Kibworth; William his son; Robert Aaron of the same; Robert of Marnham, of Reresby; Walter the Clerk; (Liber Ruber fo. 29d.)
1270 October 23
Grant from John the Farrier (le Ferron), citizen of London to his especial friend Dom. Walter of Merton formerly Challencor of his manor of Kibbeworth, Leicester, with the advowson of the chapel of the same manor. Witness: Dom. Master of Lutleby; Master Roger of Seton, Justice of the Bench; Sir William Bagod; Sir William of Ryleby; Sir Richard of Harrington; Sir Nicholas of Hastings, Rutgbls; Robert of Wyuill; William of Rumes; Robert of Martynans; Richard of Brademese, of the County of Surrey; Richard of the More in the County of Bucks; Roger Jay Clard, of Bucks; Eustace the Fleming. of Hants. (Liber Ruber fo.29d.)
1270 October 26
Grant from Saer of Harcourt to his friend and companion (socins) Dom. Walter of Merton late Challencor of the manor of Kybbeworth which manor John the Farrier (le Ferron) held of the said Saer and afterwards gave to the said Walter. (No 2874). Witness; Dom. Martin Lutlebir and Master. Roger of Seton, Justices of the Bench; Sir William Bagod; Sir William of Kyleby; Sir Richard of Harington; Sir Nicholas of Hasting; Robert of Wyrell; William of Rumes; Robert of Martynans; Richard of Bradenose, of Surrey; Richard of the More, of Bucks; Roger Jayllard, of Bucks; Eustace of Fleming, of Hants. (Liber Ruber fo. 29d.)
1270 October 26
Another form of the preceding grant in which the date is omitted and it is stated that Walter of Merton gave the donor £400 for his grant. . (Liber Ruber fo.29d.)
1270 October 29
Copy of enrolment of a star of acquittance from Cok, son of Cresse, to Walter of Marth(un) of his claim upon the manor of Kybworthe by reason of my debts due to the said Cok from Saer of Harcourt. He also agrees to hold him quit of claim from any other fees. (Liber Ruber fo.30.)
Grant from Richard of Harrecurt to Robert, son of Richard the Parson of Glynhale of half a virgate of land in Kibbeworthe, which Robert, son of Matilda held, and of eight acres of land in the fields of the same town, whereof 1 acre lies on Litlehul near the land that Roger Wyther held; 1½ roods lie under are Blakelondes, near the land that Yuo, son of Henry held; 1½ roods lie upon Blakelonde near the land held by Reginald at the Well; ½ an acre lies in Crowenersihe near the land Alexander, son of Robert holds; 1 rood lie upon Reyland near the land that Robert Joye holds; 3 roods lie at Walwrtes near the land that Hugh Hurtlebole holds; 1 acre lies under Pesecrofte; 1? roods upon Sesecroft near the land that Robert Joye holds; 1? roods lie under Northut near the land that Reginald at the Well holds; half an acre lie at Stalegate near the land that Robert Brun holds; 3roods lie in Sesilsike near the land that Reginald at the Well holds; 1 acre extends into Boretlesdale near the land that Roger Wyther holds; 1 acre extends into Sesilsike near the land held by Nicholas, son of Simon the Reeve. Witness; Robert Noel; Henry Wyshard; William of Stok; Clno, son of Henry of Kibworth; William of Reys; John of Flechen, Clerk; Richard Halding, of the same; Richard the Huntsman, of the same; Willian Gundisy, of Neuton; Yro, son of Roger of Kibbeworth; Silvester the Clerk.
1271 May 15
Final concord made at Westminster between Walter of Merton, demandant, and Saer of Harcourt deforciant, of the manor of Kibbewurth Harcourt, which the deforciant acknowledges to be the right of the demandant, and of the gift of John the Farrier (le Ferron) and of the gift and confirmation of the said Saer. John the Farrier was present at the making of the first and acknowledged that he had no right or claim to the said manor. (Liber Ruber fo. 29d.)
W. of Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick to Ralph of Heya and his other Bailiffs charging them not to impede Dom. Walter of Merton or his assigns in the possession of the manor of Kibbeworth, of the fee of the said Earl, which he has confirmed to the said Walter his especial friend. (Liber Ruber fo. 29d.)
Grant from William of Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, to his especial friend Dom. Walter of Merton, late Challencor of the King of England, the manor of Kybbeworth, of the fee of the said William which John the Farrier (le Ferron) gave to the said Walter. Witnessed; Sir Robert Walerannd, Sir Walter of Heylon, Sir Bartholomow of Suthlegh; Sir Thomas of Arderne; Sir Walter of Cokeseya; Sir Roger Corbet; Richard of St. John; Richard of Brademere. (Liber Ruber fo. 29d.)
1273 June 18
Release from Margery, widow of John the Farrier (le Ferron) citizen of London to discertus viz Dom. Walter of Merton to her claim to dower in the manor of Kybbeworth. Witnessed; John Adryan; William of Durham; Gregory of Kelegh; Phillip the Tailor (Le Taylur); Henry le Waleys; Richard Bonanenture; Master Jeffrey the Clerk (le Clerc). ‘Item is to interfuerant’; Ralph of Algate, clerk of the Sherriffs of London; William of Salisbury (Sars). Geffrey of Angre; William of Lutlebys; John of the Hale. . (Liber Ruber fo. 29d.)
1274 June 22
Release from Richard of Sadynton and Matilda his wife, daughter of Syo of Kybbeworth to Walter of Merton, Lord of the manor of Kybbeworthe, of free pasture for four cattle in the demense pasture of Kybbeworth, part of the free pasture for eight cattle enjoyed by the releasers. Witnessed; Master Nicholas of Muselegh; William of Langgeton; William of Leynes; William Dudekyn; Thomas of the Dune; Roger Jallard; Richard of the More; (Liber Ruber fo. 29d.)
1276 January 8
Grant from Walter of Merton, Bishop of Rochester to his sister Editha wife of Thomas Tayallard, of eight marks of rent in his manor of Kibbeword to be received from the tenements of Richard of Sadington 10s., of Nicholas the Smith half a mark, of Robert Sibile 10s., of Seolastica 10s., of Roger Johie 10s., of Ralph the Carter (Carrettarens) 10s., of Hugh Godwine 10s., of John son of Hugh, 10s., of Henry Polle 10s.; of Matilda, sister of Robert the Carpenter 10., of Hawisia of Kilmers, 10s., to have and to hold to the said Edith for the augmentation of her sustenance for the term of her life; provided that if she survive the asforsaid Thomas her husband and have her land and dower in the manor of Aeton in peace, or if the said Walter shall at another time provide for her more fully, then the said 8 marks are to revert to him or his assigns holding the said manor. Witnessed; Robert, son of Nigel; Roger Jayllard; William Dudekin; Nicholas of Thedden; Andrew of Hotot; Richard of Brademere;Thomas of Chaston; Roger, son of John of Litlebur; Walter the Gardener, Clerk. Dated at Hallings’ (Liber Ruber fo. 29d.)
(Fine impressiom of seal)
1300-1 February 16
King Edward I. Licence for Master Henry of Fodringeye and Master Robert of Cardevre to assign 8 messuages, six virgates and two acres of land and 4 marks of rent in Kibbeworth Harcourt to the Warden and and Scholars of Merton and for the Warden and Scholars to receive the same notwithstanding the Statute of Mortmain.
Written / translated by David Adams
Acknowledgements: Clare and Steve Langan
British History on Line
R.H. Hilton, Kibworth Harcourt A Merton College Manor in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries
In 1235-36 Richard de Harcourt was holding land in Kibworth from the Earl of Warwick, and it is probable that this was the manor of Kibworth Harcourt. The Harcourt family retained the manor until 1265 at which time the size of the manor was calculated for Exchequer purposes and gives an insight into the estate and its value;
One mesuage and 10 virgates in demense worth £7 12s 0d., 18½ virgates in villeinage of land, each virgate being worth 16s per annum.
Rents from free tenements and cottars amount to 38s 10d. per annum.
Fixed rent from 1 virgate free land worth 6s 8d. per annum.
One mill worth 20s 8d. per annum in rents.
A render of 4 capons at Christmas worth 6d.
Total value of the manor, £26 0s 8d. per annum
In 1265 the manor was seized from Saer de Harcourt by Henry Ⅲ because of Saer’s allegiance to Simon de Montfort (Earl of Leicester) who led the rebellion against the King. In 1267, the King handed over the manor to William Mauduit, Earl of Warwick.
In 1267 the King pardoned Saer de Harcourt and the manor was returned to him in 1268 by William Mauduit’s widow. However it is believed the Saer had financial problems and in consequence he transferred, possibly as security for debt, the manor, less the advowson, to John le Ferron, a Farrier of London.
On October 23 1270 John le Ferron granted to Walter of Merton the manor of Kibworth, with the advowson of the chapel of the same manor and on the 26ᵺ of the same month Saer of Harcourt granted to Walter of Merton, for the sum of £400, the manor of Kibworth Harcourt which John le Ferron held. The payment of £400 by Walter of Merton to Saer de Harcourt for the manor of Kibworth Harcourt appeared to be below the actual value of the manor possibly due to the Saer anxiety to urgently raise money.
On May 15 1271 the manor of Kibworth Harcourt was legally transferred from John le Farron and Saer de Harcourt to Walter of Merton.
Walter died in 1277 and he had six heirs. Two of Walter’s heirs gave up their shares to Merton College in 1278. After protracted negotiations and some substantial payments the remaining heirs gave up their shares of the manor to Merton College. This resulted in Merton College holding the whole of the Kibworth Harcourt manor.
There was a lesser manor in Kibworth Harcourt in the early reign of King Henry Ⅲ which was held by Lawrence of Apetoft. William de Harcourt, Saer de Harcourt’s grandfather, had granted 10 virgates of land to Lawrence of Apetoft during the early part of the 13th century. The Apetoft manor appears to have remained separate from the main Kibworth Harcourt manor and passed through a number of hands before being held by John le Ferron and subsequently by Walter of Merton. The Apetoft manor was granted to two fellows of Merton College, Master Henry of Fodringeye and Master Robert of Cardevre c1295 who in turn conveyed the manor to Merton College. This conveyance was challenged by the Earl of Warwick, however in 1300-1 King Edward Ⅰ dismissed the challenge and the conveyance of the Apetoft manor to Merton College was confirmed and became part of the main manor of Kibworth Harcourt.
Merton College holds the manor to the present day.
Written by David Adams
Clare and Steve Langan
British History on Line
R.H. Hilton, Kibworth Harcourt A Merton College Manor in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries